A good Southern pear preserves recipe is available from Southern Living. The sweet and sour recipe keeps in the refrigerator for up to three weeks, and it is a recommended holiday appetizer.
To prepare the recipe, gather and wash eight Bartlett pears. Peel them before cutting them into 1/4-inch cubes. Place the cubes in a 3-quart, heavy saucepan along with 3 cups of sugar and 2 thinly sliced lemons. Cook the mixture over medium heat for five to seven minutes or until the sugar has dissolved completely, and bring up the heat to medium-high. Stirring occasionally, continue cooking for about 30 minutes or until the pears are tender and the liquid is thick and golden. Cool the mixture for 10 minutes before pouring it equally into three 1-pint jars.
Another variation of Southern pear preserves is listed by About Food, adding packed brown sugar, cinnamon sticks and chopped crystallized ginger to the basic ingredients to create spiced preserves. Let all ingredients stand in a large saucepan for four hours, and then boil the mixture until thick and gel-like, which normally takes 1 1/2 to 2 hours. Once the preserves are ready, they can be placed into clean jars with at least 1/2 inch of head space. Remember to clean the rims before tightening the lids.