Salads are typically made by combining several raw fruits or vegetables into a bowl and then covering with a dressing. Most vegetable salads have a base of leafy greens, usually lettuce or spinach, and small amounts of other chopped vegetables. Dressing are typically cream- or oil-based.
Layered salads are made by putting 1 cup of chopped lettuce or spinach into the bottom of a large glass bowl. The greens should be topped with the following layers: 1 cup of diced green pepper, 1 cup diced purple onion, 1 chopped tomato, 1 cup thinly sliced radishes, 3 large eggs, hard boiled and chopped, 1 cup of frozen peas and 1 cup of chopped ham, chicken or crab.
In a mixing bowl, 3 cups of mayonnaise and 3 tablespoons of sugar are blended together to make a dressing. The dressing is added to the top of the salad. If desired, 1 cup of bacon bits or finely diced crisp bacon can be sprinkled on top of the dressing. Chill the salad in the refrigerator for three to four hours before serving.
A simple side salad can be made by placing 1/2 cup of chopped lettuce or lettuce blend in a bowl and topping it with 1/4 cup chopped tomatoes and cucumbers. It can be dressed with a dash of fresh lemon juice or bottled dressing.