A good basic scone recipe begins with flour, sugar, baking powder and salt. Combine these dry ingredients before cutting in a fat, either butter or shortening, or a combination of both. When the mixture resembles a course meal, mix in an egg with cream or milk. Thoroughly mix the batter without over mixing, which leads to chewy scones. Roll, knead and cut the dough before baking it in a 400-degree Fahrenheit oven.
The dry mix in a good scone recipe consists of 2 cups all purpose flour, 1/2 cup granulated sugar, 1 tablespoon baking powder and 1/2 teaspoon salt. The dry ingredients should be whisked or sifted together to ensure even distribution of all ingredients. Cut 1/2 cup of cold butter into small pieces before cutting the butter into the dry mixture until the mix looks like course meal. Add any additions to the recipe, such as fresh or dried fruit, nuts or chocolate chips, before the liquid.
Mix in 1 large egg and 1/2 cup heavy cream or milk to the dry mixture. Mix until the dough is slightly sticky and all ingredients are completely mixed in. Turn the dough out on a lightly floured surface and knead it, folding it over on itself several times. Roll or shape the dough into the preferred shape for the final scones before placing on a greased baking sheet. Bake at 400 degrees Fahrenheit for 18 to 20 minutes or until golden brown.