French wines are named after the region in which they were produced and other specific information indicating where the wine came from and how it was made. Wine is a major part of the French economy, and the French government is in charge of naming wines, which is why French wines tend to have such descriptive names.
For example, burgundy wine comes from the Burgundy region in France. Red burgundy wine is made from pinot noir grapes, but it is not known as pinot noir wine because of the French government's requirements on naming conventions. White burgundy wine is made from chardonnay grapes grown in Burgundy.