There is no absolute list of foods to avoid if you have gastroesophageal reflux disease. However, some foods seem to trigger reactions in many people with GERD, according to Healthline. These include fatty and fried foods, tomatoes, citrus, chocolate, garlic, onions and spicy foods.
Diet is a key factor to reducing the symptoms of GERD, a severe form of acid reflux disease, explains Healthline. Food affects the amount of acid the stomach produces, and certain foods may directly irritate the esophagus or cause problems with the lower esophageal sphincter, thus increasing the painful symptoms of GERD. Every person's body is different, and it is important to determine which foods trigger your GERD specifically.
Keep a food diary for a week or two detailing what you eat and drink and when you eat and drink it, and then write about how you feel afterward, suggests Healthline. If your diet includes a wide variety of foods or changes frequently, keep the food diary for a longer period of time to get a more accurate account of foods that cause the symptoms of GERD to worsen. Use this diary in combination with advice from your doctor to create a diet plan that significantly reduces your symptoms.