A medical nutrition therapy diet is recommended for prediabetics and people at risk for heart disease, according to the Mayo Clinic. The medical therapy diet consists of a healthy eating plan that's low in fat and calories, and focuses on nutrient-rich foods like vegetables, fruits and whole grains.Continue Reading
For prediabetics, it's important to control blood sugar levels and manage weight, according to Healthline. Carbohydrates are responsible for raising blood sugar. Choosing good sources of carbohydrates, with a low glycemic index, helps maintain a balanced relationship between carbohydrates and blood sugar levels. G.I. foods are classified in three ranges of high, medium and low based on the speed at which they digest. A high G.I. food has an index of 70 or above. Medium falls between 56 and 69, and a low G.I. has an index of 55 or below. Foods with a lower G.I. digest at a slower rate, rather than causing a surge in blood sugar.
Examples of high G.I. foods that digest faster are white bread, white rice or russet potatoes, explains Healthline. Brown rice and whole wheat bread are examples of medium G.I. foods, which are better choices, but should still only be consumed in moderation. Low G.I. foods are the best choices, and include steel-cut oats, beans, sweet potatoes, corn and non-starchy vegetables like leafy greens. Although food labels don't include G.I. information, a general rule of thumb is that processed foods are higher on the index, and foods high in fiber are lower. Additionally, limiting saturated fat is important to manage cholesterol levels.Learn more about Food Facts