Food Facts

A:

Barley and wheat are two different types of grass, both in physical structure and the uses for each. Barley is a yearly grass with shorter ligules on its blades and smoother sheaths, while wheat has a hollow rachis.

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  • What is the largest fast food chain in the world?

    Q: What is the largest fast food chain in the world?

    A: As of 2013, Subway is the largest fast food chain in the world; the Connecticut-based sandwich chain opened its 40,000th restaurant in August, 2013. At that time, Subway's chief development officer announced plans to add an additional 10,000 outposts to its roster of restaurants worldwide.
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  • What does "artisan" mean?

    Q: What does "artisan" mean?

    A: An artisan is a skilled craftsperson. The word has Italian and French origins, although its French origin is often disputed. The etymology is derived from the Latin word "artitus," meaning to "instruct in the arts."
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  • What happens when you boil milk?

    Q: What happens when you boil milk?

    A: When milk boils, the cream rises to the top while the water in milk continues to boil beneath it. If the milk continues to boil, it will spill over. This occurs because milk is a colloid.
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  • How long does it take to hard boil quail eggs?

    Q: How long does it take to hard boil quail eggs?

    A: Hard-boiled quail eggs cook in 2 to 3 minutes. Place them in a pan, cover them with cold water and simmer over medium heat. Do not begin timing the eggs until the water is at a low boil.
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  • What are the five major food groups?

    Q: What are the five major food groups?

    A: The five major food groups are vegetables, fruits, grains, dairy and protein foods. People should eat an array of different foods from each food group in order to get a full range of vitamins and minerals. Oils are not considered a food group; however, they are an important source of nutrients.
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  • Where did flour originate?

    Q: Where did flour originate?

    A: Flour is believed to have been produced for the first time during the Mesolithic or Neolithic Eras in the Middle East. The earliest forms of flour were made by grinding grass or wheat seeds between two stones.
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  • Where did potatoes originate?

    Q: Where did potatoes originate?

    A: Potatoes were first eaten and cultivated in the Andean highlands of South America, between Bolivia and Peru. Spread to Europe and North America by Spanish explorers, these tubers are ranked second among the world's most staple crops.
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  • What is salt made of?

    Q: What is salt made of?

    A: Salt is a mineral that is composed of sodium and chloride and has a chemical equation of NaCl. The mineral is essential to both humans and animals.
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  • What foods have zero calories?

    Q: What foods have zero calories?

    A: Zero-calorie foods include cucumbers and celery, which are both high in water and create a feeling of fullness. Oranges and grapefruits fall into the zero-calorie category as well.
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  • What is a good substitute for cornmeal?

    Q: What is a good substitute for cornmeal?

    A: Good substitutes for cornmeal are polenta, corn grits or maize meal. For example, if a recipe requires a cup of stone ground cornmeal, then a cup of one of the suitable substitutes can be used.
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  • How long does food coloring last?

    Q: How long does food coloring last?

    A: Food coloring does not expire, nor does it lose its coloring power. Food coloring should be kept well-sealed to prevent contamination from dust or other particles.
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  • Are white eggs bleached?

    Q: Are white eggs bleached?

    A: White eggs are not bleached to appear white. The color of the egg can be traced back to the color of the hen that laid it. A white hen typically lays white eggs, though this is not always the case.
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  • Who was Duncan Hines?

    Q: Who was Duncan Hines?

    A: Duncan Hines was a traveling salesman who became known for his reviews and list of recommended restaurants, motels and hotels across the country. Today, he is most closely associated with a line of food products that bears his name.
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  • How long do brownies last?

    Q: How long do brownies last?

    A: Brownies last three to four days at room temperature. Typically, brownies should be stored in the pantry in an airtight container. Brownies can be frozen for no longer than four to six months for optimal quality but remain safe to eat indefinitely when stored at temperatures below 0 degrees Fahrenheit.
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  • How long does applesauce last?

    Q: How long does applesauce last?

    A: Unopened, applesauce will remain good at room temperature for one to two years. Once opened, the shelf life of applesauce is reduced to about 10 days. Homemade canned applesauce can have a shelf life of up to three years unopened if sealed properly.
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  • Are raw olives poisonous?

    Q: Are raw olives poisonous?

    A: Raw olives are not poisonous. However, they have a bitter taste before they are processed. They are typically cured using one of several methods that remove the bitter substance oleuropein. Curing methods include the use of liquid brine and drying between salt layers.
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  • Where does sugar come from?

    Q: Where does sugar come from?

    A: Table sugar comes from plants, usually sugar cane or sugar beet. There are also minor commercial sugar crops like the date palm, sorghum and sugar maple. Sugar production is a long and complicated process that is highly industrialized.
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  • What bacteria is used to make yogurt?

    Q: What bacteria is used to make yogurt?

    A: Yogurt contains beneficial bacteria known as probiotics. Typically, probiotics found in yogurt are from the species Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus or Streptococcus thermophilus. These are both bacterial species that thrive in the human digestive tract and promote healthy gut flora.
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  • Why don't oil and vinegar mix?

    Q: Why don't oil and vinegar mix?

    A: Oil and vinegar do not mix because lipids are insoluble in water. Vinegar is mostly water, so it does not form a solution with vegetable oil. The primary reason that oils and water do not mix is that their individual molecules are strongly attracted to others of their kind. This means that oil molecules attract other oil molecules, water molecules attract other water molecules, and both exclude each other.
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  • Is margarine a dairy product?

    Q: Is margarine a dairy product?

    A: Margarine is made from soybean oil or a blend of vegetable oils instead of cow's milk, but most margarine brands still contain small amounts of dairy products, such as lactose, casein and whey. A few margarine varieties that are completely dairy-free include Blue Bonnet Light, Smart Balance Light and Earth Balance.
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  • How do you reheat corn on the cob?

    Q: How do you reheat corn on the cob?

    A: There are a few different ways to reheat corn on the cob. The ear of corn can be placed in a microwave with a cup of water and cooked for about 2 minutes on high. It can also be wrapped in a wet paper towel in the microwave.
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