Desserts

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To make sugar cookies without using baking powder, bakers use baking soda instead. Both products are leaveners, and sugar cookies made with this substitution are indistinguishable from those made with baking powder. However, baking powder is not an acceptable substitute for baking soda.

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  • What is the middle of an Oreo made of?

    Q: What is the middle of an Oreo made of?

    A: The exact recipe for Oreo cookie filling is an industry secret held closely by Nabisco, the manufacturer of the cookie. Recipe expert and cookbook author Gloria Pitzer's copycat Oreo cookie filling recipe is made with unflavored gelatin, shortening, vanilla extract, powdered sugar and cold water.
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  • What does softball stage mean when cooking?

    Q: What does softball stage mean when cooking?

    A: The softball stage refers to the temperature range between 235 and 245 F that a sugar syrup solid reaches when it is easily formed into a ball. Professional and home cooks use the softball stage to determine when candy has reached the proper boiling point. The softball stage alerts the cooks that the candy is ready to be cooled and molded into the desired shape.
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  • Who invented ice cream?

    Q: Who invented ice cream?

    A: It might be a stretch to call it the "invention" of ice cream, but its history goes as far back as 200 BC China. It's believed that, during that time, a mixture of rice and milk was frozen in snow and eaten as a treat. Modern ice cream as we know it, however, wouldn't be around until much later.
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  • What is the best way to melt caramels?

    Q: What is the best way to melt caramels?

    A: Melt caramels in a nonstick pot over medium-high heat while stirring constantly. Ingredients needed are the desired amount of pre-packaged caramel candies, a nonstick pot, a wooden stirring spoon and 2 tablespoons of water. This process should take between 10 to 15 minutes depending upon the amount of caramel candies used.
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  • Where did muffins originate?

    Q: Where did muffins originate?

    A: FoodReference.com states that the English muffin is thought to have originated in the 10th or 11th century A.D. in Wales, while quick bread muffins originated in the United States in the 18th or 19th century. Quick breads are any baked goods leavened with chemicals instead of yeast.
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  • Why is my fudge dry?

    Q: Why is my fudge dry?

    A: According to About.com, dry fudge is often caused by improper beating or cooking. The hard, crumbly result can be salvaged by melting it down, recooking and rebeating.
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  • How long does it take fudge to harden?

    Q: How long does it take fudge to harden?

    A: According to food expert Alton Brown, it takes 3 to 4 hours for fudge to set completely. The time required varies according to room temperature and season, with shorter setting times in the winter.
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  • What are some cake decorating ideas for an 80th birthday?

    Q: What are some cake decorating ideas for an 80th birthday?

    A: Ideas for decorating an 80th birthday cake include covering a large cake with 80 candles, lining up 80 cupcakes with a single candle in each or getting an edible photo image of the birthday celebrant at a memorable time in his life to place on top of the cake. An 80th birthday is a milestone that deserves special attention.
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  • What is a flower nail?

    Q: What is a flower nail?

    A: A flower nail is used to pipe flowers from icing as decorations for baked goods, according to Wilton. The nail has a flat top that is at least 1 1/4 inches in diameter and a long, thin piece of metal extending down from the flat surface.
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  • How do I flavor sugar to make cotton candy?

    Q: How do I flavor sugar to make cotton candy?

    A: There are several ways to flavor sugar for cotton candy. The quickest is to mix floss sugar concentrate with the sugar. Every other method requires time for the flavor to disperse and the sugar to dry.
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  • How many people does a gallon of ice cream serve?

    Q: How many people does a gallon of ice cream serve?

    A: On average, a gallon of ice cream will serve approximately 16 people a 1 cup serving of ice cream and 10 people a 1 1/2 cup serving of ice cream. A scoop of ice cream is about 1/2 cup (4 ounces), and a typical serving is about three scoops, or 1 1/2 cups (12 ounces) of ice cream.
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  • How can you make sugar cookies without using baking powder?

    Q: How can you make sugar cookies without using baking powder?

    A: To make sugar cookies without using baking powder, bakers use baking soda instead. Both products are leaveners, and sugar cookies made with this substitution are indistinguishable from those made with baking powder. However, baking powder is not an acceptable substitute for baking soda.
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  • How many servings in a 9 x 13 cake?

    Q: How many servings in a 9 x 13 cake?

    A: A 9 x 13 inch, single-layer cake yields 15 to 20 servings. A double-layer, 9 x 13 inch cake that is at least 4 inches tall yields 36 party-size servings or 50 wedding-size servings, which traditionally are slightly smaller.
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  • How long should mini muffins be baked?

    Q: How long should mini muffins be baked?

    A: Cooking times can be drastically shorter for mini muffin recipes, totaling only 10 to 15 minutes, and bakers will want to be careful to avoid overcooking. Exact baking time for mini muffins will depend on the recipe and oven temperature, but in general, these smaller muffins should be baked for a shorter period of time than full-sized muffins to avoid burning, drying or other undesirable effects resulting from too much time in the oven. Recipes should be followed exactly to avoid ruining the mini muffin batch, and if the baker is opting to make mini muffins from a full-size muffin recipe, the baker should keep a close eye on the muffins as they bake.
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  • Who invented the chocolate chip cookie?

    Q: Who invented the chocolate chip cookie?

    A: While there are conflicting origin stories for the chocolate chip cookie, the inventor, Ruth Graves Wakefield, has never been in doubt. In the 1930s, she created her recipe while running a tourist lodge with her husband in Whitman, Massachusetts. The lodge was called the Toll House Inn, and Nestle would eventually buy the recipe from Wakefield for a quite a deal: $1 and an unlimited supply of bittersweet chocolate.
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  • What is an easy key lime pie recipe?

    Q: What is an easy key lime pie recipe?

    A: An easy key lime pie recipe combines sweetened condensed milk, egg yolks, key lime juice and zest in a graham cracker crust. Serve it cold with whipped cream.
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  • What is chewing gum made of?

    Q: What is chewing gum made of?

    A: Chewing gum contains gum base, sweeteners, flavorings, colorings, preservatives and softeners. The original gum base was chicle, the latex sap of the sapodilla tree, which is native to Central America. Modern gum is made with a synthetic gum base.
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  • How do I make a piping bag for icing?

    Q: How do I make a piping bag for icing?

    A: Snip the tip off a corner of a plastic bag to easily transform a resealable plastic bag or plastic grocery bag into a piping bag. Adding a tip to the opening gives more professional-looking results, although it is also possible to pipe the icing without using a decorating tip.
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  • Why do muffins stick to the paper?

    Q: Why do muffins stick to the paper?

    A: Muffins sometimes stick to the paper because of the moisture in the muffin according to the Quaker Oats Company. Baking muffins with moist ingredients, such as shortening or moist add-ins like berries, can increase the likelihood that muffins stick to paper liners.
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  • Can you eat a scorpion lollipop?

    Q: Can you eat a scorpion lollipop?

    A: Scorpions are edible and are sometimes sold in the middle of a flavored lollipop. If the scorpion has been processed correctly and no longer has a stinger attached, it is safe to consume.
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  • What is a basic recipe for glaze icing?

    Q: What is a basic recipe for glaze icing?

    A: Glaze icing is made by gradually combining confectioners' sugar with water, corn syrup and vanilla extract. The mixture is then mixed vigorously at a high speed until it reaches a slick and glossy texture.
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