Peas, peanuts, soybeans and lentils are some examples of legumes. A legume is any plant that produces seeds in pods. Legumes tend to be high in protein and fiber and low in fat.
Most types of beans, including chickpeas, black beans, kidney beans, navy beans and pinto beans, are considered legumes. Most types of legumes are rich in nutrients, such as calcium, iron, magnesium, folate and zinc. Because of legumes' high protein content, they are often used as meat alternatives. For example, tofu is made from mashed soybeans. Spreads such as hummus and peanut butter are also derived from legumes.