Some examples of fortified foods include many types of breakfast cereal, some prepared juices and milk. Fortified foods are those with added vitamins and minerals that help people reach their recommended daily allowance of nutrients.
All types of nutrients can be added to food and beverages. Vitamin D is added to products such as milk and yogurt because vitamin D helps the body to better absorb calcium. Iodine is added to many foods such as salt, and folic acid is found in foods such as enriched bread, rice and flour.
It is important to choose natural foods over those that are fortified, but when that is not possible, fortified foods help to replace nutrients that might be missing in a person's diet.
In the UK, iron-fortified cereals have become the primary source of iron in a child's diet. Often, fortified foods have the nutrients replaced that were lost during processing. This is especially true with foods such as flour and rice. Vitamin C is lost during the process of making orange juice and therefore, some manufacturers fortify the juice with extra vitamin C. Foods naturally containing vitamin A, vitamin C and folic acid are particularly prone to vitamin degradation and loss during processing and storage.