The essential ingredients for a basic peach cobbler are peaches, sugar, butter, flour and milk. Other optional ingredients include ground cinnamon or ground nutmeg, lemon juice, and baking powder. Also, peach cobbler is traditionally served with whipped cream or vanilla ice cream.
To make a basic peach cobbler, mix together 4 cups peeled and sliced peaches, 1 cup sugar and 1/2 cup water. Bring the mixture to a boil in a saucepan, then reduce the heat and simmer for 10 minutes. Place 8 tablespoons butter in a 3-quart baking dish, then put the dish in a preheated oven to melt the butter. Combine 1 cup sugar, 1 1/2 cups self-rising flour and 1 1/2 cups milk, then pour over the melted butter.
Place the peach mixture on top, making sure to pour in all of the syrup from the pan. If desired, top the cobbler with ground cinnamon. Bake the cobbler for 30 to 45 minutes at 350 degrees Fahrenheit.
To use all-purpose flour rather than self-rising flour, add 1 tablespoon of baking powder to the flour mixture. For a flavor variation, add 1 tablespoon lemon juice to the peach mixture before cooking in the saucepan. Also, ground nutmeg can be used instead of cinnamon to top the cobbler before baking.