King Arthur Flour's website features an easy fried dough recipe that calls for a simple baking powder dough. This recipe does not require a deep fryer, as the dough can be fried in just a quarter-inch of vegetable oil.
Start by mixing 2 cups of unbleached all-purpose flour with 2 teaspoons of baking powder and 3/4 teaspoon of salt. Take two tablespoons of cold unsalted butter cut into 1/2-inch cubes and work this into the flour mixture using your hands, a mixer or a pastry blender. Once the butter is fully worked in, add 3/4 cup of lukewarm water and mix this into to make a soft dough.
Let the dough sit for 15 minutes, and then divide it out into eight equal portions. Taking one portion at a time, roll the portions out until they are approximately 5 inches around and 3/8 inch thick. Heat the vegetable oil to 375 F in an electric skillet or on the stovetop. Once the oil is at the right temperature, gently place one piece of the dough into the oil and fry it for approximately 60 seconds. Carefully flip the dough over, fry the other side for another 60 seconds, and then place the finished product on a paper-towel-lined baking sheet to soak up any excess oil.