As of 2015, research about the efficacy of cherries in various forms to treat gout is promising but not conclusive. The Arthritis Foundation lists cherries as a good food to reduce gout flares, citing several small studies from 2010 to 2014, but making no specific mention of pain reduction.
The foundation bases its claims on a 2012 study from Boston University Medical Center, a 2014 study in the
Journal of Functional Foods, and a 2010 study presented at the European League Against Rheumatism, stating that researchers attribute the beneficial effects to anthocyanin, a type of plant pigment with anti-inflammatory properties. All of these studies show promising results, but the sample groups are too small to make strong claims of statistical accuracy, according to the Arthritis Foundation.