White, brown, confectioner's and artificial sugars are the main types of sugars. White sugar, also called granulated sugar, is available in both regular granulated form and special ultra-fine sugar used for baking.
Confectioner's sugar, or powdered sugar, is white sugar pounded during the manufacturing process to achieve a silky texture and then sifted and combined with around 3 percent corn starch to prevent it from clumping. The finest powdered sugar is 10X sugar.
Brown sugar is available in both light and dark brown varieties. Brown sugar retains some of the molasses syrup during production, giving it a characteristic brown color and a deeper sugar taste.
Manufacturers make artificial sugar using chemicals. Some brands include NutraSweet, Equal, Splenda and Sweet ‘N Low.