Some different types of peppers are the Anaheim, banana, bell, thai and serrano peppers. Cayenne, jalapeño, habanero and poblano peppers are a few other varieties.
Anaheim peppers are often referred to as green chiles and are commonly used to make chile rellenos. Banana peppers are sweet, mild, and often served pickled and sliced as a sandwich condiment. Bell peppers are named for their shape, and they are crunchy, mild and sweet. Thai peppers, sometimes called Thai chiles, are very spicy and used to flavor salsas, sauces, soups and other dishes. Serrano peppers are also used in salsa, since they are fairly spicy.
Cayenne peppers are small and have wrinkled skin that is green or red depending on the time of year. They are spicy, pungent, and typically used for seasoning and sauces. Jalapeños are one of the most commonly eaten peppers. They are often pickled and used to top dishes such as nachos. Habanero peppers are one of the hottest peppers in the world. They are typically used to create very spicy sauces and salsas. Poblano peppers are large and green, with a very mild flavor. They are also used to make chile rellenos. Dried poblano peppers are called ancho chiles.