The many types of lemons grown and consumed around the world include Armstrong, Avon, Berna, Eureka, Genoa, Harvey, Lisbon and Meyer. Some types of lemon, such as Meyer, Ponderosa and Rough lemons, grow in the United States and enjoy widespread popularity and consumption. Lemons vary in size, and derive from lemon trees, which range from 10-20 feet tall.
Lemon trees may have originated in Asia, according to historians, but quickly spread to the Mediterranean region. Classified as acidic fruits, lemons of all species have distinct flavors, colors and tastes. They also have thick outer skins to protect inner fruits from damage during cold weather. Most lemons are seedless, although some bear a small number of seeds that are round or teardrop shaped.
Berma lemons, native to Spain, remain popular fruits in the region. These lemons have skins of medium thickness, grow to a medium size, and have few seeds. Femminello Ovale lemons, meanwhile, originated in Italy. These lemons, among the oldest species of Italy, have skins of medium thickness. They produce slightly acidic juices and frequently produce beverages. Lisbon lemons, which are tender, acidic and juicy, originated in Portugal. However, sailors eventually brought Lisbon lemons to the U.S. Lisbons are hardy species, which grow on tall trees, thrive in cooler conditions and have thick skins to prevent harm from cold temperatures.