Some varieties of red apples include Gala, McIntosh, Red Delicious, Fuji and Honeycrisp. Golden Delicious and Ginger Gold are yellow, Crispin is a green-yellow, and Granny Smith is a green apple. Braeburn, Cortland, Empire, Jonathan and Rome are some of the most-produced U.S. apples.
Apples range in taste from sweet to tart and tangy, with Red Delicious, Golden Delicious, Rome, Fuji and Crispin apples classed as sweet. Mcintoshes are tangy, Granny Smith is tart, and Idareds, Ginger Golds and Jonagolds are sweet and tart. Galas and Braeburns are sweet and spicy, with Braeburns also having some tartness.
Fuji, Gala, Granny Smith and Honeycrisp apples are crisp, while McIntosh apples are tender, and Rome and Crispin apples are firm.
Golden Delicious apples have yellow skin that may appear slightly green, and are available from September through June. People can cook with Golden Delicious apples, but they do lose some flavor during the cooking process.
Granny Smith apples are green and tart, and are good for eating or cooking. Granny Smith's are generally grown in California and Arizona, as well as in New Zealand and Australia. They are available all year. McIntosh apples are bright red with some green, and are crisp and tart-sweet. They are available from September to March, and are good for eating, but do not stand up to lengthy cooking. Red Delicious apples are juicy and sweet, and while they are good for eating, they do not work well in recipes that require cooking.