Anthropologists believe that the ancient Mesopotamians pickled cucumbers as early as 2400 B.C. Cucumbers, native to India, were first brought to the Tigris Valley in 2030 B.C.
Cucumbers are mentioned twice in the Bible and were first used more than 3,000 years ago in western Asia, Egypt and Greece. Ancient documents reported Cleopatra used a diet of pickles as part of her beauty regimen, according to the New York Food Museum.
Since the Middle Ages, pickles were a common snack in England. Pickles were brought to the New World by Christopher Columbus, who grew cucumbers for pickling. The Dutch developed the pickle as a gourmet delicacy. In the 17th century, cucumbers were grown in Brooklyn, NY and sold to dealers in New York City, who would cure them and sell them.