Sugar is a worldwide commodity, and countries on six of the seven continents produce sugar. The countries that produce the most sugar are Brazil, India, China, Thailand, the United States and Mexico.
Sugar comes from sugarcane, which is perennial grass that grows in tropical or temperate climates around the world. Sugarcane is comprised of 70 percent water. Other parts of sugarcane include fiber, soluble sugar and non-sugars.
It is a two-step process to turn sugarcane into refined white sugar. The first process usually takes place where the sugarcane grows, and a mechanical harvester collects the crops. The machines in the sugar mills break down the sugarcane into sugar crystals. Refineries take the sugar crystals and turn them into granulated sugar.