Some common spices are salt, pepper, cinnamon, nutmeg and mustard. Herbs are companions to spices and some common herbs are parsley, dill, rosemary, basil and oregano. As Asian and other non-European cuisines have become more popular, spices such as cumin, ginger, turmeric, coriander and cardamom have also become common.
Almost every cuisine uses cinnamon, a spice that flavors stews, chilies, curries and baked goods. Nutmeg often accompanies cinnamon in pies and stands on its own in quiches, winter squash and spinach.
Mayonnaise, honey mustard, deviled eggs and curries use dried mustard powder. Basil and oregano are iconic Italian spices that season tomato sauces and pasta dishes. Ground ginger gives gingerbread cookies their characteristic taste, while many Asian and African stews and curries use fresh ginger.