Some common culinary herbs and spices include basil, dill, rosemary, cayenne pepper and oregano. These seasonings are used in a range of dishes, including meats, vegetables, salads, soups and sauces.
Basil is a seasoning that is often used in Italian cooking and Thai cuisine. It is added to tomato sauces, vegetable dishes and salads. The pungent herb also has a mildly sweet flavor.
Dill is a mild and slightly sour herb that is used in recipes for fish, meat, potatoes, bread and eggs. It is also added to a variety of sauces and salads. The leaves are used fresh, and the whole seeds are also consumed.
Rosemary is a fragrant herb that blends a pine scent with a hint of lemon. Used fresh or dry, it is popular on roasted meats and fish. Rosemary is also added to sauces and vegetable dishes.
Cayenne pepper is a fiery hot spice for sauces, marinades and meat dishes. It is used in small amounts, so that the strong flavor does not overwhelm the taste buds. Cayenne pepper is chopped finely or dried and ground.
Oregano is a zesty herb for Italian recipes, soups, chill, vegetables and meat. The fresh or dried leaves are used sparingly, due to the piquant quality of the herb.