Qattayef are filled pancakes soaked in sugar syrup, and basbousa is a sweet cake made from semolina flour and soaked in sweet syrup. It's possible to serve either dessert with nuts or heavy cream.
Qattayef is typical of Egypt and the Levant region. Cooks fill the pancakes with a variable mixture of cheese, cream, pudding, nuts or apples. They fold the pancakes over and deep fry them before soaking them in a sugar syrup.
Basbousa is also typical of Egypt, though cooks make it in Turkey and Syria as well. To make the cake, cooks blend different flours with yogurt, sugar and rose water. After baking the cake, cooks top it with nuts and heavy cream.
Kunafeh is another kind of cake, similar to a cheese cake. Popular in countries formerly part of the Ottoman Empire, kunafeh consists of semolina dough encased in noodle-like phyllo pastry. Cooks fill the inside with soft, white cheese and soak the entirety in sweet syrup. Pistachios and mangoes are common toppings.
Baklava is a classic Arabic sweet. Originally from Turkey, baklava consists of parchment-like dough layered with ground nuts and topped with honey.
Cooks also serve luqmat el quadi with honey. This dessert consists of dough balls deep fried before being drizzled in honey. Powdered sugar and nuts are common toppings for this sweet.