Champagne can be either a white or a rose-colored sparkling wine. Champagne comes from a specific region in France with several restrictions on how it can be produced.
Champagne is made from three grapes: pinot noir, meunier, and chardonnay. Chardonnay is a white grape and the other two are red, or what are considered black grapes. The skins are removed during the crushing process, giving the wine the white, light yellow or beige coloring. Rose champagnes become a soft pink color when the skins are left in for a time during the crushing process, or by adding some red wine directly to the champagne. The wine can be made up of any combination of the three grapes but must adhere to specific fermentation processes with no additives during the wine-making process.