India is the largest producer of chickpeas, contributing approximately 70 percent of worldwide production. India, Turkey and Mexico are the top three exporters, with over 75 percent of worldwide exports.
While India is the top exporter of chickpeas, it is such an important food in the country that it is also the largest importer, with 30 percent of the import market. Countries which export chickpeas to India are Canada, Australia, Iran, Myanmar, Tanzania, Pakistan, Turkey and France. India exports its crop to the U.S., the U.K., Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Sri Lanka and Malaysia. Chickpeas are the seeds of the leguminous plant Cicer arietinum.