Canadian maple syrup is produced in several provinces in Canada. Canada accounts for 71 percent of the world's maple syrup production, followed by the state of Vermont at 5.5 percent.
The Canadian provinces that produce maple syrup are Quebec (90.7 percent), Ontario (4.4 percent), New Brunswick (4.4 percent) and Nova Scotia (0.5 percent). Prince Edward Island also produces maple syrup, but in small quantities.
Maple syrup is usually made from the xylum sap of Sugar Maple, Red Maple, and Black Maple trees. In cold areas of North America, these trees store starch in their trunks and roots before the winter. The starch is converted to sugar that rises in the sap. Maple trees can be tapped by boring holes into their trunks and collecting the exuded sap. The sap is processed by heating it until only the concentrated syrup remains.