Since peanut butter is low in purines, eating peanut butter does not trigger an attack of gout. Peanut butter is a "safe" food for those afflicted with gout, according to WebMD.
Gout is more likely to develop in conjunction to an accumulation of uric acid in the joints, notes WebMD. Since uric acid crystals come from purines -- specific chemical compounds found in certain foods -- eliminating or limiting certain foods is a common way to manage the affliction.
Those concerned about gout should avoid meats (especially organ meats and game meats) and beer, which are all very high in purines, according to WebMD. Seafood and oatmeal are moderately high in purines but may not raise the risk of gout when eaten sparingly. Safe foods include green vegetables, tomatoes, fruits, non-wholegrain breads and cereals, cocoa, coffee, tea, carbonated beverages, nuts and peanut butter. Dairy products, such as low- or nonfat milk and low-fat yogurt, actually reduce the risk of gout.
Longstanding cases of gout are physically illustrated by the presence of tophi, hard nodules of uric acid deposited under the skin, according to MedicineNet. WebMD describes gout as a form of arthritis that causes unpredictable bouts of pain and swelling, usually in one joint at a time and primarily in the legs and feet.