Goat milk is typically available through natural foods distributors and certain grocery stores, such as Trader Joe's and Whole Foods. The actual selection varies for each specific store.
Goat milk has slightly more calories, fat and saturated fat than cow milk. Cow milk contains more vitamin B-12, vitamin B-2, folate and selenium. However, goat milk has more calcium, magnesium, potassium, vitamin A and vitamin C. It also contains a bit more protein and less sugar.
Goat milk has smaller fat particles than cow milk, which makes it naturally homogenized. However, the milk can have cream that separates. To avoid this, shake the milk before pouring it or just remove the cream from the top with a spoon. Removing this cream also reduces the milk's fat content. Reduced fat goat milk typically has sugar added to it to make up for the lack of fat.
Goat milk contains less lactose than cow milk, which can make it easier to digest. While cow milk is significantly more popular in the United States, goat milk is more popular internationally.
Goat milk has a different taste than cow milk. Mixing goat and cow milk gradually can help the drinker adjust to the taste difference. Goat milk mixed with a small amount of vanilla flavor and sugar can also help.