Find an alphabetical list of fruits along with their countries of origin at our-food-recipes.com/food-facts/origins-of-food/list-of-fruits as of 2015. If any fruits have alternative names, they are listed in the corresponding description. The list also contains information on nuts.
The website boasts information in similar lists of vegetables, spices and herbs, grains and cereals, livestock, edible mushrooms, fish and other seafood, and dairy products.
It also has a page on the new food pyramid (which now includes exercise). The same page provides definitions on the different macronutrients that should be part of a balanced diet.
There is a page on the site that gives a brief history of food broken down by some of the more famous historical empires or time periods. There are also links to recipes for foods that correspond to each group.