Basmati rice is a type of long-grain, firm-textured rice that is grown in India and Pakistan. It is known for its sweet smell and nutty, pleasing taste.
Basmati's name comes from a Sanskrit word that means "fragrant." The aroma is due to the chemical 2-acetyl-1-pyrroline. The chemical is also responsible for the taste of the rice.
Basmati can be found both in white and brown varieties, and it doesn't stick together the way ordinary white rice does. One cup has 684 calories and 5.4 grams of total fat. It also has 12 milligrams of sodium and 412 mg of potassium; however, like most plant foods, basmati rice has no cholesterol.