Banana are a perennial plant that grows from a bulb. Bananas are available throughout the entire year and do not have a formal growing season. It takes up to 12 months to harvest the banana bunch.
Bananas are related to ginger and ornamental plants such as birds of paradise, amaranths and canna lilies. Bananas do not grow on trees, but rather plants. The plant grows up to 25 feet tall and can develop leaves that extend up to 9 feet in the air. The plants require dark and fertile soil and steady warmth and moisture. Banana plants do not tolerate extreme winds or temperatures. The first flower of the banana plant emerges about six months after planting. The banana bunch can be harvested between nine and 12 months later. They are ready to be picked when they appear well-rounded and the little flowers at the end of the fruit are dry and rub off.
Banana plantations are commonly found in South America, Central America and the Caribbean. The plantations require many resources, such as transport, irrigation, drainage and packing facilities, for the bananas to be harvested and exported. Bananas are harvested while they are still green and are sent to be inspected before being exported.