What Are Some West Virginia Adoption Laws?


Quick Answer

According to West Virginia adoption laws, assuming minimal living standards are met, both single and married adults, at least 21 years old, can adopt children regardless of race, religion, sexual orientation, gender or relationship status. Pre-adoption training, a home study and evidence of the ability to appropriately care for a child are required of all adoptive parents. Prospective parents must provide medical statements attesting to their physical and emotional health and cannot be involved with child protective services.

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Full Answer

The pre-adoption home study conducted by the state of West Virginia Department of Health and Human Resources is an assessment of the entire family and includes interviews with all family members. As well, all family members 18 years or older must consent to and pass a criminal background check. While home ownership is not a requirement for adoption in West Virginia, adoption does require fire, health and safety inspections of the family's residence prior to allowing placement of a child for adoption. A minimum six-month trial adoption placement is also required prior to court approval of an adoption according to West Virginia's adoption laws.

There are three options for adoption in West Virginia: private adoption, adoption through the state's Department of Health and Human Resources and adoption through a national adoption program. Regardless of type of adoption, all prospective adoptive families must meet the requirements for adoption under West Virginia state laws.

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