The phrase "tiger mom" is defined as a strict disciplinarian mother who demands high achievement from her children and maintains control of their activities. The phrase was first coined in the book "Battle Hymn of the Tiger Mother," a 2011 parenting memoir written by Yale law professor Amy Chua.
The "tiger mother" childhood rearing strategy is a traditional Chinese practice, according to Professor Chua. She goes on to describe how withholding choices of activities and free time from children, as well as demanding constant practice from them, helps them gain confidence in mastering difficult skills like playing the piano. Response to the book, and to the "tiger mom" practice in general, has been highly polarized.