Early childhood education experts suggest that teachers familiarize young children with how to use the Internet safely, how to cooperate with others and how to set goals for themselves. Research on cognitive learning styles has shown that individuals have different ways of processing information. Howard Gardner's studies of multiple intelligences suggest that some people are visual learners while others learn best through logic or movement. Identifying each child's particular cognitive learning style helps to tailor early education.
An early childhood education classroom can provide stations that meet the needs of different intelligences. A movement station can help children who learn kinesthetically and encourages others to strengthen their kinesthetic learning capacities; a music station meets the needs of musical children while also enriching students for whom music is not the primary learning mode. Because young children have limited attention spans in most cases, they should be able to explore these learning stations freely, receiving praise for trying activities that are outside their comfort zones.
In a cooperative learning model, young students take part in planning classroom activities. Some studies suggest that this model helps students to become more independent and to achieve more. They may choose a story to read, help decide what songs to sing or work in small groups. In this model, the teacher becomes more a facilitator than a director. However, because most children work best with structure, a structured environment is still valuable in student-directed classrooms.
For classroom management and student accountability, some teachers suggest tracking students' behavior on a chart. This approach to classroom management involves students in the process of setting goals for themselves. They can also see their progress and identify areas they need to work on. Teachers can reward progress with special prizes or a classroom party.