How do states handle access to non-identifying information for a party to an adoption?


Quick Answer

According to Adopting.org, with information taken from the National Adoption Information Clearinghouse, every state allows the adoptive parents or adult adoptee to receive some non-identifying information regarding the biological parents. For example, the adoptive parents or adult adoptee are typically allowed to have access to the biological parents' medical and genetic backgrounds and general information about the parents' social histories.

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Full Answer

The Child Welfare Information Gateway reports that some states allow biological parents and adult siblings to request non-identifying information. Non-identifying information is typically given to the adoptive parents when the adoption occurs.

Adopting.org reports that states differ in the process of releasing non-identifying information and also regarding the specific information it allows people to access. Most states allow the information to be released after the adoptive parents or adult adoptee verbally request the data. However, other states require a court order before releasing the information.

Additionally, Adoping.org addresses the fact that certain states require good cause before allowing release of non-identifying information. An example of a good cause is if the adoptee's health is at risk. States may also differ on the type of information disclosed, such as restricting the disclosure of whether the child was born from an unwed mother.

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