Appropriate safety topics vary according to a child's age and include bicycle and helmet safety, driveway safety, guns, fireworks and sports participation. Other safety topics relate to swimming and water safety, medicine, alcohol consumption and preparing to drive.
Children should know that wearing a helmet is the single most effective way to reduce brain injuries and deaths from bicycle accidents. Children in the United States should ride on the right side of the road so that they are traveling with traffic instead of against it. Cyclists should use appropriate hand signals and make eye contract with drivers before crossing a street. If riding at night, children should use lights and bicycle reflectors. Wearing clothes with reflective materials is also useful.
Teaching children about driveway safety might include showing them a safe place to stand while waiting for a car to move and emphasizing the need to let the driver see them. An adult should hold a young child's hand when walking in parking lots, driveways and around moving vehicles.
Children who are learning to swim should understand the importance of swimming with an adult, while more experienced swimmers should remain close to a swimming partner. Children should be taught not to swim or play near drains or suction outlets.