As of 2013, the leading cause of death for infants within the United States was suffocation, whereas the most prominent cause of death for children age 1 to 4 was drowning, and motor vehicle accidents for children age 5 to 19. Other frequent sources of death in children include fires, poisoning, falls and natural causes within the environment.
The same year, 118 children died from bicycle injuries, the majority of which were between the ages of 15 and 19, with 89 percent of the fatalities being boys. A child who rides with a companion or adult who wears a helmet is far more likely to wear a helmet himself. Using a helmet is the most effective way to reduce bicycle-related injuries and fatalities.
Each year there are approximately eight deaths and 3,300 injuries among children age 5 and under due to falls from windows. Window guard distribution programs in Boston and New York City led to a 96 percent reduction of window falls in a decade.
Accounting for 28 percent of toy-related injuries in children under age 15, nonmotorized scooters lead to the most reported incidences of injury due to a toy. Many injuries related to toys happen to the face and head. However, swallowing button batteries leads to more serious injuries in minimal time. Button batteries can stick in a child's throat. Saliva activates an electrical current in the battery that results in a chemical reaction, thereby burning a person's esophagus.