The Hague Adoption Convention is an international agreement that regulates intercountry adoptions in the United States from other countries that joined the Convention, according to International Adoption Help. The Hague Convention helps protect both potential adoptive parents and children by establishing a central authority in each country and only allowing adoptions through adoption services providers accredited or approved on a federal level, the Bureau of Consular Affairs explains.
The Hague Adoption Convention helps protect adoptive parents by requiring adoption services to make transparent all fees and expenses associated with adopting a child from their organization, notes the Bureau of Consular Affairs. It allows adoptive parents to file a complaint against an adoption service provider with the U.S. Department of State and requires adoptive parents to fill out and file paperwork with the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services before adopting the child to determine eligibility. Parents are also required to undergo 10 hours of parental education.
Potential adoptive parents must complete a home study and obtain child abuse clearances from their state and from the Federal Bureau of Investigation, according to International Adoption Help. At least one of the adoptive parents must have U.S. citizenship. The Child Citizenship Act provides guidelines and requirements for extending U.S. citizenship to the adopted child.