Q:

What is the process for adoption?

A:

Quick Answer

Specific laws about adopting vary from state to state and depend on whether the child is adopted from foster care, a private adoption agency or an international adoption organization. Generally, the adoption process includes a formal application, a background check, a home visit, a personal evaluation, approval from the adoption agency and legal paperwork finalizing the adoption.

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What is the process for adoption?
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Full Answer

Those who are already taking care of a foster child should speak to the child's social worker about the possibility of adoption. In some states, potential parents receive approval for both fostering and adoption at the same time. This can expedite the adoption process, as dual-certified parents have already undergone a background check, a home visit and personal evaluation.

Interested parents who are not foster parents and who wish to use a private adoption agency should expect a lengthy evaluation process. Potential parents must complete an application and demonstrate the emotional, physical and financial ability to care for a child. After the parents are approved by the agency, their profiles are entered into a database at the adoption agency. Birth parents select adoptive parents from this database. At Spence-Chapin, most couples are selected 6 months to 2 years after agency approval.

Those who wish to adopt from other countries must first receive approval from U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services. Potential adoptive parents are then subject to the laws where the adoptee was born. For example, in China, only heterosexual married couples between 30 and 50 years old are eligible to adopt non-handicapped children.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    How does a prospective adoptive parent adopt a child in Illinois?

    A:

    Adopting a child in Illinois basically involves seven steps, which include contacting a local adoption agency, completing an application to adopt as well as necessary classes and training, meeting with a caseworker in your home for an adoption home study, getting a background check to be approved to adopt, being matched with a child or sibling group, preparing for and receiving an adoptive placement and legalizing the adoption. The entire process usually takes around a year from beginning to end, but this time frame can vary depending on the agency and the individual situation.

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  • Q:

    How do you go about adoption in North Carolina?

    A:

    To adopt a child in North Carolina, choose an adoption agency, submit an application, complete a home study and legalize the adoption in a court. Before committing to an adoption, consult other family members and find out more about adoptive children through reliable sources such as the Internet, government officials and other adoptive parents.

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  • Q:

    How do you adopt a child in Dallas, Texas?

    A:

    To adopt a child in Dallas, Texas, attend a free information meeting in your local area to discuss adoption requirements and then submit an adoption application to the adoption agency for selection. The Texas Department of Family and Protective Services requires all adoption agencies in Texas to have a license.

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  • Q:

    How do you adopt an infant in Arizona?

    A:

    A person interested in adopting a child or infant in Arizona must first contact a licensed adoption agency in his county of residence. He must also meet specific qualifications and attend training classes, according to AdoptUSKids. Prospective adopters may obtain answers to specific questions by calling 877-KIDS-NEED-U (877-543-7633).

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