Home studies for adoption are performed to prepare the family for adoption and evaluate their fitness for adoption. The home study also lets social workers gather the information they need to match the adoptive family with the right child.
While all states require home studies as part of the adoption process, the specific requirements for home studies vary from state to state. They also vary from one adoption agency to another. If a child is being adopted from a foreign country, that country may also impose specific requirements.
Home studies typically involve interviews, home visits, criminal background checks, health statements and income statements. The social worker then writes up his findings in a home study report.