Even though hereditary factors play an important part in child development, most psychologists agree that both heredity and environment are essential for shaping the personality. The genotype interacts with the environment in numerous ways during the course of development, which results in the creation of the phenotype.Continue Reading
The phenotype depends on dominant genes as well as on the interaction of genes with the environment. Scientists have been studying the phenotype for decades in order to understand how the environment and the genes interact to produce a unique human being.
According to researchers, the individual differences that exist in the way people develop result from genetic factors, but they are influenced by life experiences as well. As a result, the environment to which a child is exposed in utero and after birth can impact the way the genes are expressed. For example, exposure to harmful drugs in utero can have a significant impact on the subsequent development of the child.
Most psychologists agree that temperamental differences have genetic origins, but the environmental factors may point development into a different direction. Genetics have an essential influence on child development, but they are just one piece of a puzzle that includes numerous environmental variables, such as parenting, education, culture and social relationships.Learn more about Child Care
A nanny is a professional caregiver who directly contributes to the development of a child and is usually a full-time employee. A babysitter stays with a child as needed on a part-time basis, taking care of the child's needs. Neither is better than the other; the child's best interests and the family requirements define the final choice of child care.Full Answer >
Establishing routines in child care allows children to feel safe and secure in their environment. Maintaining a regular schedule for children reduces anxiety because they are always aware of what activity is next. According to Extension, a research-based learning network, a consistent routine encourages positive behavior in children of all ages.Full Answer >
Sending a child to daycare may be beneficial because it provides a structured environment for the child as well as an opportunity for the child to socialize. However, it requires the parents to conform with all the center's policies. Children at a daycare center may also be more susceptible to disease because they are exposed to more germs.Full Answer >
Part-time day care is child care only provided for part of the typical working day. Many families prefer part-time day care for their children because a parent is available for child care or the children are in school during part of the day. In addition, some part-time day care provides care for families with parents who work non-traditional hours.Full Answer >