What Are Some Factors in Children's Health?


Quick Answer

Many factors influence children's health, including biological, environmental and behavioral elements, states the National Academy of Sciences. The effect of such influences change as a child grows older.

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Full Answer

Biological factors include perinatal and postnatal events. If a pregnant woman receives exposure to thalidomide at certain points during pregnancy, her child is at risk for certain health problems. There are certain health risks if an unborn child receives exposure to ultraviolet light, amino acids and sugars as well, explains the National Academy of Sciences. The improper development of genes can lead to disorders later in life. Biology influences the adaptation of organ systems and how a child's physiological processes develop. These factors all contribute to a child's physical and psychological health.

Environmental factors include infectious problems, such as toxins in the air and lead paint, and social aspects including relationships with others, socioeconomic resources, peer relations, racism and the quality of services received, notes the National Academy of Sciences. Parent response to an infant, from apathy and unresponsiveness to a child's needs to comfort and affection, impact a person's development.

Behavioral health refers to a child's emotions, beliefs, attitudes and cognition, according to the National Academy of Sciences. It also encompasses a child's overt behavior. Behavioral health frequently influences and is influenced by others, including peers, parents and teachers.

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