A study published by the Institute for Social and Economic Research reveals that the children of mothers who work full-time before the children start school tend to score less in reading and math tests and have slower emotional development. The disadvantage begins in primary school and continues into early adulthood.
John Carvel explains in The Guardian that children of working mothers typically have lower educational attainment, higher unemployment and higher chances of bearing a child early in life. On the other hand, the study published by the Institute for Social and Economic research conducted by John Ermisch and Marco Francesconi suggests that employment patterns of fathers have little effect. Mothers returning to work while children are young tends to have an adverse effect.
Louisa Symington-Mills stated in The Telegraph that the disadvantages of being a working parent include tiredness, missing out on the growth of children, rushing home from work early and dealing with the expectations of colleagues who do not understand the situation.
According to the Encyclopedia of Children’s Health, working mothers encounter problems between motherhood and professional advancement. A lot of mothers report that colleagues and superiors do not take their professional aspirations seriously once they bear children. Moreover, they still need to take care of most of the childcare and housework responsibilities.