Children's Rights laws were implemented with the goal of protecting the well-being and individual rights of children, including the law that with very few exceptions, children under age 12 cannot be employed, while those age 12 through and 16 can only work during specific hours for a specific amount of time, explains HG.org Legal Resources. Such laws address child trafficking, labor laws, health, education and special needs.
Children who are in foster care and those that are dependent on public child welfare systems have certain rights as outlined by the Constitution and law, according to the organization Children's Rights. Some examples include the right to appropriate clothing, food and shelter; the right to developmental and educational services; and the right to consistent medical, dental and mental health care. Children also have the right to not be discriminated against on the basis of gender identity, race, sexual orientation or religion.
Although parents have the ability to parent as they see fit, the government reserves the right to remove children from their home if a child is not safe, states FindLaw. Parents are required to meet the basic needs of nutrition, safety, health care and education for their children. The U.S. Constitution grants children the right to equal protection at the hands of authority, as well as the entitlement to due process prior to any right being taken from them.