To write a rebuttal speech, identify arguments that support your side of the issue and arguments that might defeat your position. Use supporting information to prove that your position is stronger.Continue Reading
Compare your position on the issue to your opponent's position. Identify three or four key arguments that support your position. These key arguments are the basis for each of your body paragraphs.
Identify any opposing arguments that your opponent might use that are stronger than your own arguments. Anticipate any objections your opponent might have to your key arguments. Think about how you can use your arguments to defeat your opponent's counter-arguments.
Use supporting information to back up your arguments on the issue. Appeal to the audience's reason by pointing out logical fallacies in your opponent's argument. Appeal to the audience's emotions to get them on your side by getting sympathy or connecting with them emotionally. Use analogies or metaphors to compare your opponent's arguments to something else. This shows the audience that the arguments are unacceptable or absurd. Although you should not bring new arguments up in the rebuttal speech, it is acceptable to use new evidence and analysis.
Fallacies are errors in reasoning used in oral, written and visual arguments to intentionally disguise the lack of logic or to substitute for factual argumentative points. A fallacy in logic is an error in reasoning that renders an argument logically invalid. Hundreds of fallacies have been identified and labelled. Fallacies are commonly found in everyday life, particularly in advertisements and politics.Full Answer >
Advocacy speeches should either argue one particular side of a controversial issue or urge listeners to take a particular action. While advocacy speeches can be about anything, popular subjects are usually in the fields of health, law and drugs.Full Answer >
Aspects of speech delivery include nonverbal cues, voice quality, pronunciation and audience engagement. These components work together to create a delivery that sounds natural and conversational.Full Answer >
Good examples of graduation speeches include Steve Jobs' speech at Stanford University in 2005, J.K. Rowling's commencement speech at Harvard University in 2008, David Foster Wallace's commencement address at Kenyon College in 2005 and Neil Gaiman's commencement address at the University of the Arts in Philadelphia in 2012. Graduation speeches can touch on many topics, including life advice, lessons learned and ideas to achieve success.Full Answer >