The first step to writing a good analysis is to understand the literary work. Decide what to write about, then come up with a thesis for the analysis. The next step is to research the thesis and write an outline. Finally, construct the analysis with an introduction, body and conclusion.
In an article titled "Difference Between Analysis and Summary" on WritingCenter.Cos.Edu, the author states, "An analysis is breaking down the reading into smaller parts and examining." Tearing apart the literary work puts you in a mindset to think about separate parts of it. For example, if the reading is about a moment in history, it is advised to ask the questions: When, Why, Where, When and How. The individual answers to those questions create a foundation for a critically-thought analysis. Another subtle step in writing a good analysis is attempting to explain the literary work to a friend or family member. Doing this in an informal format, called freestyle, allows for random thoughts about the work to flow. While talking about the work informally, the audience helps by picking points out that sound interesting or asking questions that may not have occurred while reading. After the informal report, apply what was discussed in an outline then proceed from that point.