A great social studies fair topic would cover comparative maps of regions inhabited by various ethnic and cultural groups in the Middle East, juxtaposed with maps showing political boundaries of nations. This would explain much of the unrest there.
The political boundaries in the Middle East were drawn after World War I, following the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire, and then altered again when Israel became a nation after World War II. In many cases, the political boundaries have little in common with the regions that various ethnic groups call home. This has led to persecution, oppression and bloodshed as cultural groups have fought for unity in their own lands.