The Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2015-2016, which lists the best and most well-known universities worldwide, ranks the United Kingdom's University of Oxford as the second best university in the world and the University of Cambridge as the fourth best. The next three U.K. schools to make the list are Imperial College London in eighth place globally, University College London in 14th place and the London School of Economics and Political Science in 23rd place.
The Times Higher Education World University Rankings measures universities across the core missions of teaching, research, knowledge transfer and international outlook, employing 13 performance indicators.
The University of Oxford has no formal founding date, but was teaching students as early as 1096, making it the oldest university in the English-speaking world. In 1209, disputes between university students and Oxford residents led some academics to leave and travel northeast to establish what became the University of Cambridge. The two well-known universities are frequently jointly referred to as Oxbridge.
The University of Oxford offers the world-famous Rhodes Scholarship, runs the largest university press in the world and has the largest academic library system in the United Kingdom. Oxford alumni include 27 Nobel laureates, 26 British prime ministers and many foreign heads of state.
The University of Cambridge operates eight art, cultural, and scientific museums and a botanic garden. Cambridge University Press is the world's oldest publishing house and the second-largest university press in the world. Cambridge alumni include several renowned mathematicians, scientists, writers, actors and politicians as well as 91 Nobel laureates.