Exercises to build vocabulary include studying Greek and Latin roots and recording new words. These practices can help learners better comprehend new words and commit them to memory.
Prefixes, suffixes and roots in Greek and Latin form the basis for many English words, so learning to recognize these word components can make it dramatically easier to understand and memorize new word meanings. Learning common prefixes and suffixes also makes it easier to guess at a word’s meaning without looking it up.
Also keep track of new and unfamiliar words, whether in a notebook or digitally. Record new words along with brief definitions, then consult the list regularly to better retain the words.