Typical educational goals for elementary school students include reading, counting, shapes and mathematical operations. These goals are based on the Common Core State Standards Initiative lists.
Competency in reading is an essential academic goal for elementary students because it is a building block for all learning in middle school and beyond. Important reading skills include identifying characters, settings and major events in stories and distinguishing between fact and fiction. Counting is another goal for children because it is the first step of understanding mathematics. By the end of elementary school, students are expected to be able to solve problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication and division. Understanding shapes is also important for this age group because it allows children to utilize skills in critical thinking and problem solving.