Charter schools, universities, law schools, medical schools and graduate programs all generally require applications in order to be considered for admission. In addition, business schools and some private elementary, middle and high schools also require prospective students to apply, according to the Princeton Review.
Many university and graduate programs require a lengthy application consisting of personal information, prior academic grades, accolades and achievements, test scores, and one or more personal statements, states U.S. News and World Report. In order to be admitted to most undergraduate collegiate programs, prospective applicants must submit secondary school transcripts as well as SAT scores.
Most law, medical, business and graduate programs also additionally require a full academic background and curriculum vitae, including relevant work, intern and research experience. Graduate programs generally also require the applicant to take an aptitude test in the desired field. Prospective medical students must complete the MCAT, law students must pass the LSAT, and most graduate programs require the completion of the GRE. Finally, both collegiate and graduate programs require statements of intent and interest that are tailored specifically to the type of school and program offered. In this way, universities and graduate schools can assess potential students' likelihood of success at their institutions, as explained by U.S. News and World Report.